Diabetes and Endocrinology Unit

The Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology is responsible for providing a wide range of services, often in collaboration with other departments. It is also dedicated to the treatment of diabetes patients. Services of the department are provided at high level of care. The department has been certified according to the latest issued international instructions. The department is particularly concerned with prevention of complications that occur for diabetics, for example (diabetic neuropathy, hardening of the arteries, feet observation, and some other organs of the body), and can be expanded to receive referrals from eye and kidney patients when needed.

The department also focuses on prevention and treatment of cardiovascular problems such as high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, weight problems, and cessation of smoking.

In particular, the most important role played by the department is reflected in the fight against obesity which is the epidemic of the 21st century through the provision of comprehensive services including nutrition support by nutritionists, the provision of training programs and approved medicines prescribed by doctors, and if surgery is required, then it shall be carried out in accordance with international standards Together with the latest guidance on diet support.

Patients suffer from all thyroid disorders are also treated by doctors with experience in biopsy, control of hypothyroidism, thyroid cancer and lymph nodes. The department deals with controlling all types of  thyroid diseases, including disorders caused by increased sodium and calcium levels in blood and other minerals, and the proportion of minerals and vitamins.

With regard to women's health issues, the department provides a comprehensive service in the field of gynecology through accurate evaluation of hormonal disorders confirmed by the follow-up of any defect that may occur during the period of the menstrual cycle, the increase in Prolactin Hormone, and the occurrence of infertility, and the appearance of hair in the face and body, disorders that are resulting from the increase in androgenic hormones such as polycystic ovary syndrome and similar syndromes. The private service related to the treatment of osteoporosis after amenorrhea and alternative hormonal treatment.

With regard to men's health issues, the department is responsible for assessing hormonal problems related to men, which are evident in infertility, sexual incompetence through physical examination, erectile dysfunction, and prostate health.

We have doctors who hold the American Board of Endocrinology and a nutritionist who provides diverse and distinct services including health education, medical care and counseling.


Conditions that are being treated in the department:

  • Diabetes in adults and pregnant women.
  • Diagnosis and treatment of obesity.
  • Diseases of short stature.
  • Excess Hair diseases in women.
  • High cholesterol and fat in the blood.
  • All types of Thyroid diseases.
  • Osteoporosis and vitamin D related diseases.
  • Diseases of the thyroid glands and calcium deposits in the blood.
  • Androgenic hormones deficiency diseases in men.
  • Pituitary problems, diagnosis and treatment.
  • Adrenal disease (suprarenal).

Multiple malignant thyroid tumors and needle sample which determines the quality of the tumor and its spread range.


The thyroid gland is located in the anterior region of the neck, in front of the trachea, which is like a butterfly that has its wings apart. This gland is endocrine gland and the gland is susceptible to malignant tumors. We met Dr. Hayyan Basmar, General Surgery Consultant who is a member in the medical group of Dr. Silliman  Al-Habib, who holds the Board membership and the American Fellowship who explain the types of tumors, their symptoms and how to treat them


Fife types of thyroid tumors


There are many types of malignant tumors of this thyroid gland where there is a papillary tumor which represents 75% of the thyroid tumors and spreads slowly through the lymph nodes. Type II follicular tumor and represents 15% of thyroid tumors and spreads by blood to the lung and bones. The third type is medullar tumor which represents 5% of the thyroid tumors. The fourth undifferentiated type is rare and occurs for people over the age of 65.


What about the symptoms:


  • The most common symptoms in the first and second types of thyroids tumors are neck tumor from the front, trouble swallowing or difficulty in breathing and change in sound (hoarseness).
  • The role of genetics and genes in the infection
  • Causes of thyroid tumors:
  • It may be due to exposure to radiation in childhood and may also be due to genetic causes.
  •  Ultrasound and acupuncture determine the quality of the tumor.

Method of diagnosis


The disease is diagnosed by blood test for thyroid hormones, ultrasound examination of the thyroid gland and CT scan for the spread of the tumor, such as the devices available in the medical  group of Dr. Silliman  Al-Habib, and the examination through radioactive material of the thyroid gland and taking a biopsy (sample) of the thyroid tumor by the doctor in the clinic and this procedure doesn’t necessitate anesthesia to perform Histological and microscopic examination to determine the type of tumor.


Different treatment methods are determined according to the pathological condition and they include:


Surgery removes all or part of the thyroid gland in addition to removing lymph nodes adjacent to thyroid gland. Radioactive iodine is also used as drinking liquid or by taking pills or injections to kill the remaining cancer cells after surgically removing the thyroid gland. The single use of Radiotherapy in tumors of the non-specific type Anaplastic or in addition to radioactive iodine in Papillary or Follicular. In the case of total removal of thyroid gland, the patient should be given pills of the hormone for life to prevent the return of the disease.


Doctors in Diabetes and Endocrinology clinic